The Evolution Of Photography The Beginning

Photography! Who could have thought that we would now be able to take pictures through a digital camera and transfer to a computer and change the colors or any of the attributes of an image or a photograph? Digital cameras are sharper and provide high quality pictures that can be used over multiple mediums.

Sir John Herschel is a man who invented the term Photography’ in 1839.

This was also the year when the process of Photography was unveiled to the public.

How did photography really evolve? Well! It is the bi-product of laws of physics and compounds of chemistry. The evolution of photography is a completely scientific process starting with the use of optics in the 1830’s.

The dark room or Camera Obscura existed some four hundred years back, while cameras were being used since the 11th century and yet photography did not come into public use before the 1830’s.

There were different observations made by several people that finally led to putting together of all the missing pieces and this also announced the advent of photography. Some of those important observations are:

* In the 15th century, Robert Boyle found out that silver chloride turned dark when exposed to air and not light.

* In the early 1800’s Angelo Sala observed that when silver nitrate powder is kept in the sun for long, it turns black.

* Around 1727, Johann Heinrich Schulze made a discovery regarding colors. There were some liquids that changed their colors when they were exposed to light.

* Thomas Wedgwood conducted some experiments in the early 19th century. He had captured images but could make the images permanent.

* The first ever successful production of a photograph emerged in the June-July of 1827 by Joseph Nicphore Nipce. The material used for this became hard when exposed to light for almost 8 hrs. Nipce went into a partnership with Louis Daguerre on 4th Jan, 1829 to work further on this.

Four years later in 1833, Nipce died and Daguerre continued alone to discover how to develop photographic plates. Invention of the photographic plates meant that the exposure time was reduced considerably, from 8 hrs to 30 minutes. He also made another important observation and the conclusion drawn was that immersing an image in salt would make it permanent.

Paul Delaroche, a leading French scholar made a report on this and the French government bought the rights in July 1839, and made it public on 19th Aug, 1839. This process was named Daguerreotype after Louis Daguerre.

The Daguerreotype process was expensive and one time affair. At that time there were no negatives available and hence the original photograph could not be reproduced. The only way of getting two copies was by using two cameras side by side. This led to the growing need of finding a way to copy pictures and finally led to the invention of the Calotype process by William Henry Fox Talbot.

Although the Daguerreotype was superior to the Calotype, the latter was able to provide multiple positive prints of a single picture

What You Can Do With Concert Backstage Passes

A concert backstage pass is one which grants access to different areas of a specific concert. There are backstage passes available for all kinds of concerts such as a theatre performance, a fashion show, a film festival or a music show. These are usually desired by fans of the performer or one of the performers of the concerning show or concert.

These can come with many kinds of formats, two of which are laminated, generally card-shaped designed to hang around the neck and with the type of the card written over it (rarely with photo identification) and wristbands (the colour showing the type of access permitted).

How many types are available?

There may be various types of backstage passes available. However, only four are common. These are: – an all-access pass, a crew pass, a VIP pass, and a press pass. All-access passes provide the highest exposure possible to the performer; including pre-performance and post-performance parties, the backstage and all.

The crew passes, for crew members only, also cover all or most of the area. The press pass may have various restrictions depending on the organizers. And a VIP pass is one which gives a VIP the permission to enter and enjoy the areas which are not restricted by the organizers.
Where to find one?

Free concert backstage passes may be available from various sources. The performing individual or the group, the hosts, the organizers, the show managers, the press or the radio partner covering the concert all can provide you with these passes, which are primarily used to promote the concert or to grow the popularity.

What is the right way to behave?

Attending a backstage party has various ethics and codes to be maintained. Failing to do these or misbehave and you may be thrown out of the gate by the guards. Probably the first one is to dress nicely and talk intelligently. Its unnecessary and often disturbing talking like an ass-kisser because artists usually know that they are great. It is also important not to feel hysterical or overzealous.

Showing restraints on your part is typically important, too. While it is only natural for you to be a little excited seeing your dream person right in front of you, it helps to put on a show as if you respect their boundaries. Getting drunk is never a good idea and this is no exception. Also it would be better if you do not eat all the foods served.

What are the advantages?

If you are too crazy about a performer (or a star), you undoubtedly cherish the vision to be with him/them. These passes may be a way to shooting photo, hanging out with the person you admire so much. You may even have a chance to get to know who the actual person is, under all the glamour. See what s/hes hiding under the veil!!

Commercial Industrial Photography

A very popular and common commercial photography assignment under taken by the professional photographers is wedding photography. Generally, this involves covering just the wedding day but other important rituals and functions preceding the wedding day.

In the pre-digital days, it was a daunting task to undertake a photography assignment. The limitations of olden camera equipment, heavy lenses and the fact that there was no room for error, led only the real photographers doing the best of the jobs. With advent of digital photography, the dynamics of the entire commercial photography underwent a paradigm shift.

The entire lineage of old studios with dark rooms, chemicals and staff were replaced with the digital darkroom software like Adobe Photo Shop, Apple Aperture etc. While these two remain the most popular editing software, there are plethoras of free editing software available online that many of the amateurs prefer due to the daunting costs of commercial editing software and flexibility to experiment and learn with minimum / least cost.

A commercial photographer today is equipped with: digital camera typically above 18 Mega Pixels, dedicated external strobe flash, light weight tripod, memory cards and sometime external flood lights. The most expensive set of equipment is generally not the camera, but the range of lenses required to cover an event or complete commercial assignments that require a wide range of subjects to be covered. The best example being, the industrial photography assignments in which the photographer is expected to capture the top-management photo-shoots as well as the industrial processes which may involve the making of parts, melting of steel, foundry photography.

Commercial photography, although challenging may not be that well paying, as many of the clients fail to understand the efforts involved in the actual photo-shoot followed by hours of post-product and editing done on the images to make them appealing to the target audience. The most common usage of the commercial images is magazine, brochure, product catalogues and the clients web site and presentations.

For each of the final platforms on which the photograph is going to be delivered the editing and post-processing requirement changes variedly. For example, if the final output platform is going to be website of the client there is no need of working on the print quality images, resized images which cover the entire project will suffice.

Commercial photography offers many practical and logistical challenges for the photographers. The industrial photographers are required to know the location, time and have to study the various angles at which the photograph can be captured. Sometimes, on location photography may be done in the night, when there is lot of external artificial lighting setup for giving the optimum effect.

Stop Motion Bailed Out Computer Animation

Major Difference between Stop Motion & Computer Animation:-
1.Computer animation (or CGI animation) is the art of creating moving images with the use of computers. It is a subfield of computer graphics and animation.

2.Stop motion (also known as stop-action or frame-by-frame) is an animation technique to make a physically manipulated object appear to move on its own. The object is moved in small increments between individually photographed frames, creating the illusion of movement when the series of frames is played as a continuous sequence.

3.Using Computer animation the rendering can take a lot of time on an ordinary home computer.

4.Stop Motion will move frame step by step so it smooth process.

5.Traditional Computer Animation is very hands-on process; 2D animation is accomplished by hand-drawing hundreds upon thousands of individual frames only to transfer them to clear plastic cels, hand-paint them, and then film them in sequence over a painted background image. This requires a team of artists, cleanup artists, painters, directors, background artists, and film/camera crews, along with the storyboard artists.

6.Stop Motion Animations, the cost and effort involved in the processes, and the quality of the final output is very good comparing to traditional computer animation.

Read Stop Motion Replacement Method
Replacement Stop motion is a technique where each frame (or sequence of frames) uses a different object in place of the previous object. It was originally used in professional work by the very famous animator George Pal. One of his most famous stop motion sequences was in the 1962 The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm He used a new hand-carved wooden puppet for each frame of film. It is said that they had over 1,000 puppets for one 4 minute sequence.

We give example on our site (www.ikitmovie.com) is a little more modest that 1,000 hand carved puppets, nonetheless the result for those new to stop motion is very satisfying. With just 5 small pieces of clay moulded in to specific shapes a very impressive stop motion sequence can be achieved.
For new animators abstract shapes work best. It is a far more skilled job to have to create dozens of characters with small differences between each one. The human eye (your audience) is far more likely to amused by abstract shape shifting objects rather than picking holes in characters that are not quite the same between sequences. The other real advantage of using replacement techniques when starting out is that you get to know and become expert at onionskinning.This is the most powerful yet easy to use feature for any animator to use.

Want to know more about stop motion an art of making dream animation than visit ikitmovie.com

About The Tv Show Greek

Are you feeling bored lately? Not sure where to go for the latest entertainment? Perhaps you can start looking at watching some rather interesting TV shows. Recently, there have been series after series of high quality sitcoms being aired on TV. Maybe they will make you laugh a little, and get rid of all that boredom. In fact, these sitcoms are so popular that there are usually several seasons for each sitcom. The TV show Greek, is one such example.

So, what is the show all about? Greek is a teen American sitcom, featuring students who are studying in Cyprus-Rhodes University. What is interesting about the show is that the University follows the Greek system. This system is mainly present in colleges and universities in North America. The system is organized in fraternities and sororities. Fraternities are for guys, and sororities are for girls.

The show follows the students around, showcasing their eventful university lives. The lead character is Casey Cartwright and her brother, Rusty Cartwright. All the characters belong to fictional fraternities – Kappa Tau Gamma, Omega Chi Delta and Zeta Beta Zeta.

The main characters are Rusty Cartwright, Casey Cartwright, Cappie, Calvin Owens, Evan Chambers, Ashleigh Howard, Dale Kettlewell, Rebecca Logan, and Frannie Morgan.

The TV show was started in early 2007. It was halted in September 2007 due to a writer’s strike. Since then, it has resumed production and Season 2 has been produced in 2008.

Season 1 is a lot of fun to watch. You will find it a really enjoyable experience when you start learning more about the characters. Each character has his or her own unique personality. Of course, you will find all sorts of different personalities featured in the show. Rusty is the geek one, and he is forever trying to shed his geeky image. Casey is the popular one in the show, and she tries to win the presidential election. She is dating Evan, also an immensely popular guy in the school. Evan is the big brother of Rusty. As the story gradually unfolds, many secrets are revealed. Calvin actually turns out to be homosexual! Season 1 ended with a total of 22 episodes.

Season 2 started in August 2008. So far, there are 10 episodes produced. By now, the audiences are already familiar with the characters. So less time can be spent on the personalities on the characters, and on important events in the characters’ lives.

All in all, you get to see lots of interesting events as the plot twists and turns. There is dating, rivalry, fights, popularity contests, and secrets – all the stuff that makes a great TV show. For the characters, school can be rather challenging and at the same time confusing.

This is very true because in general, teenagers tend to struggle a little bit with their identities. This TV show will surely bring back a lot of happy memories for both teenagers and adults.

Are You Sure You Want to Book that Wedding Singer

Having a wedding singer at your wedding is a good form of entertainment for your guests. In order to provide enjoyment, you have to make sure you’re hiring the right artist. Don’t book a singer just because people say he’s good, it’s better to see for yourself first.

Since you’ll be spending money for entertainment, you have to be extra careful in choosing a singer. Here are pitfalls to watch out for when hiring a one:

His website doesn’t say anything about him.

If his website doesn’t have any demos, photos, and contact info, then that means he’s not that serious about his job. A wedding singer who wants to book jobs will make sure he sells his service in the most effective way possible. His website doesn’t have to be over the top creative, but good enough to attract you to hire him.

He has an ‘attitude’.

Observe how he responds to your email or how he answers the phone. Does he sound enthused to work with you? Is he polite? The answers to these questions determine if he is the right candidate. Hire a singer not just for his talents, but also for his work attitude.

He doesn’t represent himself well.

If he came to your meeting looking unprepared and sloppy, then you need to start contacting other people. A wedding singer who is serious with his job should know how to present himself to his clients. He should have that look that says -Hire me-. You’ll see it in the way he dresses, the way he talks to you, and the way he carries himself. It’s also important that he is people-oriented, so you’ll know he can provide enjoyment to your guests.

He’s not open to your suggestions.

Sure, it’s okay if the wedding singer makes song suggestions. But that doesn’t mean he should create the play list, unless you asked for it. If he keeps on insisting that you do things his way, then he’s not worth your time and money.

He’s late for your meeting and doesn’t respond to your messages quickly.

Being on time shows how professional the wedding singer is. It’s also an indication that he respects your time and wants to get your approval. You wouldn’t want him to spoil your wedding for being late. He should provide entertainment and not cause any inconvenience. Also, he needs to show enthusiasm when it comes to communicating with clients. He should reply to your email as soon as he can. This shows that he is serious with booking jobs.

To learn more about the topic, visit wedding singer los angeles.

Lots Of Spicy Wallpapers Of Actresses Can Help You Make Your Day Prolific

The sophisticated technologies and state-of-the-art gadgets of today have made life very much easier for populaces from all across the globe. People have now become heavily dependent on technologies such as the World Wide Web and are relying on it for any type of entertainment they require, from downloading Bollywood wallpapers to Hot and spicy Pirelli Photo Shoot.

If you want to read reviews of a recently launched block buster movie, you can do that with the help of a few mouse clicks through the internet. With a bit of intricate research on the world wide web, you will be able to lay your hands on pics and stills of hot actresses from Hollywood such as Angelina Jolie, Alyssa Milano, Anna Nicole Smith, Brooke Shields, Carmen Electra, Canmeron Diaz, Demi moore, kylie minogue, Jennifer Aniston, Sharon Stone, etc. to Bollywood such as Katrina Kaif, Kareen kapoor, Deepika Padukone, shruti hassan, bipasha basu, anushka sharma, asha saini, and a lot more.

Popular wallpapers can make your day an exciting time ahead to suit your unique penchants. These photos which are all the rage all round the world will surely help you make your desktop more colorful than ever. You can also download these wallpapers and stills on to your cell phone and view these images on the go. Take control of your actions and observe the reviews of movies before you decide to watch them. This stride will make certain that you steer clear of movies which will prove themselves as a waste of time and money in the end and enjoy the ones which are really good.

Being in a happy and gratified mood for the day ahead, you need to have a confident state of mind which will assist you in making the entire day more productive and resourceful. Psychologists from all over the globe have supported the claim that spicy and hot wallpapers of actress from different industries can help you set the mood and make you happy irrespective of the time of the day.

The level of virtue with human endeavor may be fluctuating according to the pious environment in which the alleged exercise causes, says a recent survey on the effects of stills and pics of hot actress on your computer desktop and cell phone screens. For churning out excellent mindset and function in a very quick witted manner, giving your mind what it fantasizes is the best way and in such a milieu, photo shoot and wallpapers can help you endlessly.

New Era Of Animation Software In Education

As technology has evolved over the decades, it’s become relatively very easier to create any types of animation with computer software.

Most software is coming with easiest features for animators and filmmakers to enhance their productions. Look at a movie for example; back in the day when you plan to shooting a crowd scene would involve thousands of extras hours of work. With animation software, you can wipe out the man hours it would take to organize crowds and the actual physical shooting.

2D animation software is not expensive!

How times change so quickly. Five to ten years or so ago you’d be lucky to find the best software for under the thousand or more price bracket. As IT technology has improved and computer software prices have plummeted, computer generated animation as an activity has found its way into the average persons home.

It is now possible to pick up some of the best software for well under $100 in some cases. The main stumbling block for most people is not the price of software today, but just how to use it!

1 – Find stop motion software with good ‘Help’ and ‘Tutorials’ – some free versions are not always easy and the best!
Don’t be afraid of trying new animation programs. Experimenting with different types of software can also be beneficial in helping you develop your animating skills. If you’re interested in 2D animation, then programs like Ikitmovie, Monkey Jam 3 Beta, Animaatiakone are worth testing.

2 – Be patient and read the help pages and watch the video Tutorials
When you have the support and training that come with the best purchases it gets you working on your 2D animation projects quickly and confidently. That means you enjoy the experience as opposed to getting frustrated. Enjoying your 2D animation software experience will hopefully mean that you’ll continue to work at it until you are creating stunning animation cartoons that will blow peoples minds!

There is various animation programs available; you can get many advantages like
Create your own style of animation, or combine multiple!
Scales from beginner to professional, a life long journey!
Tap in to your story telling abilities
Master a new form of creative technology
Everything you need from start to finish

Right now users have a wealth of opportunities for using excellent animation software for kids and schools, Animation software programs developed specifically for Childs that run on any average Windows PC – and that don’t cost hundreds of dollars?

About Singer Sewing Machines

Sewing machines are the all time favorite useful tools for the textile industry. There are many famous brands such as Singer, Brother, Bernina, Yamata, Unicorn, and more.

A long time ago Singer Sewing Machine Company had a monopoly on the world market. The company began operations in 1851 in New York. Isaac Merritt Singer was the founder of the company. Since starting it got consumers’ attention for its quality, ease of use and efficiency. It is a solution on the market for over a century. Now, it is the most common and widely used machine, whether for home or industrial use. Beginner to expert, for everyone singer has a corresponding type of machine.

On the basis of functions Singer essentially three types of sewing machines, such as straight stitch, zigzag and industrial use.
The models are only for Singer sewing machine is a bonus, popular singer, Singer, Star, Magna Merritt, Merritt and Merritt Custom tailored luxury.
All these models have more or less common features such as the tension is mounting graduate, floral personalized plate or open neck shuttle plate special chassis, call point drop / reverse feed mechanism, automatic winder, etc. Optional embroidery is Merritt and Merritt Magna models.

The Models are available for Zig Zag’s Singer sewing 4228, Singer 8280, Singer 2818, Singer and Singer Trendy Diva.
These models have many features, including many corporate functions, stabbing, several key fob, automatic needle threader, built the engine put in pressure in the cutter bar, adjustable position of the sewing needle, horizontal coil and more.
Models for industrial purposes are Merritt 8103, Merritt Finedge, Merritt Workmate, Merritt Craftsman, Merritt Universal and Merritt Stitch Master.

These models have features such as tuning the power line, automatic lubrication, belt guard, needle adapter adjustable heavy steel parts, multiple mechanisms of power, high speed (2200 SPM) and much more.
We can rely on singer sewing machine blindly as it will be at our service for whole life.

Indian Musical Instruments Like Tambura

Most people are music lovers. You will see them waking up in the morning with the music on to start the day. It seems like their day is not complete without it. Others who are also addicts on music have their mp3 on their ears for almost 24 hours. This is also the same to persons who doesnt turn off their radio through out the day.

We are fascinated to the beautiful melody that is good to hear especially if it is accompanied by an inspiring words or lyrics that can relate to your current situation or things in your past. Music has started in ancient times even without any musical instrument. Early people have found a way to produce a musical instrument that can entertain them.

That was passed until today and you will see some musical instruments that have been created. Indian musical instruments like this Tambura are string instruments like the famous guitar. Of course, it looked like a guitar but the only difference is that it has a longer neck which is appropriate for taller and bigger males. People who are already familiar with guitar can easily get along with Tambura.

It may have different pitch from the common guitar. It has four or five strings that create a sound that is a bit deeper compared to a guitar. Indian musical instruments like this are good for classical music. Classical music is famous in prehistoric times. Music from Goethe and Beethoven are to name a few who are great makers of this.

The advantage of listening to a classical music is that, it has soothing effect that helps in calming your nerves. This might be beneficial to people who are emotionally disturbed to help them relax. The many benefits of listening to a classical music have been widely published to many medical sites.

It also enhances memory that suits for students who are studying or cramming for an exam. So, if you look at it, music does not only entertain you but it can also help you relax while it sharpens your memory. With this, you know that Indian musical instruments can help you in some way.

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